Geography of Balaghat

Balaghat a city and a municipality in Balaghat district is located at the southern part of Jabalpur Division in the state of Madhya Pradesh. It cordinates at 21.8°N 80.18°E at an elevation of 288m. Balaghat is bounded by the Mandla district of Madhya Pradesh to the North, as well as the Gondiya and Bhandara districts of Maharashtra state to the south, while the Rajnandgaon district of Chhatisgarh state to the east and the Seoni district of Madhya Pradesh to the west, Dindori district to the Northwest.

Geography of Balaghat
Map of Balaghat

Climate in Balaghat

Balaghat experiences tropical climate. There is very low rainfall during winter when compared to summer. During the month of April, the daytime temperatures are usually about 40°C or 104°F respectively. While in the night, the average minimum temperature gets reduced to 23°C, that's 74°F. However in recent years, the highest recorded temperature during the same month of April is said to be 45°C or 112°F, with the minimum recorded temperature of about 16°C or 61°F. Precipitation is very low in November (i.e, average 3 mm), and falls in the month of July with an average of 516 mm. With an average temperature of 35.0 °C, May is found to be the hottest month in the year. During the month of January, the average temperature is approximately 19.8 °C, which is the lowest average temperature in the entire year. And between the driest and wettest months, the difference in the precipitation is 513 mm, and the average temperatures differ in the year by 15.2 °C.

Topography of Balaghat

Blaghat captures the entire south eastern region of the Satpura Range, as well as the upper valley of the Wainganga River. It covers a vast land with covered with valleys and forests.Wainganga, Bawanthadi, Garhvi, and others are main rivers in the region. The Wainganga as well as its tributaries are the main rivers in this place, where the town of Balaghat is on the Wainganga, which flows north and south through the district. While, the Bagh as well as the Nahra and Uskal rivers are found to be the tributaries of the Wainganga.

The southern lowlands in the region seems to be slightly flapping plain, are comparatively well-cultivated and deliberated by the Wainganga, the Son and Bagh, as well as the Deo and Ghisri rivers. There is a long narrow valley which is popular as the Mau Taluka, lying between the hills and the Wainganga river, that comprises a long, narrow, irregular-shaped lowland tract, crossed by the mountain ranges and peaks which were covered by the thick jungle, and runs generally from north to south.

The lofty plateau, which is launched at the Raigarh Bichhia tract, consists of many irregular hills, and were broken into several valleys, that flows from east to west. While the highest points in the district hills are the peaks that were above the Lanji. It is approximately about 2,300 to 2,500 feet (i.e, 760 m); while, Tepagarh hill is somewhat about 2,600 ft (i.e, 790 m), then Bhainsaghat range is somehow about 3,000 ft (910 m) above the sea. The Banjar, Halon and Jamunia rivers, as well as the tributaries of the Narmada, dried a part of the upper plateau.

Forest Cover in Balaghat

The district is extremely rich in its forest wealth; amongst which, 52% of the area is covered with the forest like the Teak, Sal, Bamboo as well as the Saja, which are the main trees. Balaghat. Moreover the minerals like the Bauxite, Kyanite as well as the Limestone are found to be the main minerals of the district. About 80% of the manganese production in India comes from Balaghat District. Balaghat district holds a great place over the mineral map of India, and about 80% of the Manganese production of India comes from this region The recent research of the copper deposit at Malajkhand is found to be the biggest research in India. While the southern region of the Vindhyan vary till the Katangi, which is known as 'Bhander Range'. Beyond this point, the escarp enclosure of the land-locked valley of Sirampur as well as the hill range is well-known as the 'Kaimur Range'.

Demography of Balaghat

As per the records found, the population of Balaghat during the year 1991 was 1,365,870. And in the 2001, the city population was about 1,497,968 and out of which the rural population was 1,236,083; while in urban was about 129,787. Amongst the total population of Balaghat, the total population of Scheduled Caste and Tribes were about 113,105 and 298,665. And out of these, when the total population of the males and females were identified as the 682,260 and 683,610 respectively. As per the city's total estimated area is 9245 square kilometers, where the population density includes 162 people per square kms. While the growth rate of the population of the city between the years 2001 till 2011 was about 13.56%.During the 2011 census, Balaghat district has a population of 1,701,156, and the entire Balaghat is highlighted with a population of 184 persons per square kms. As per the year 2011, the Population Census has revealed the Balaghat population that is about 1,701,156. Amongst which, the number of males were 841,794; and female population is said to be 859,362. And it is said that, Balaghat has about 2.34% of population, out of the entire state (Madhya Pradesh).

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